The 25th of May is great day for Africa. It’s Africa Day; it’s among the few marked days for Africans to reflect the past, relate the present and review the aspirations. It has been almost 60 years since the continent was freed from colonialism and OAU, later on AU, was established. A number of key achievements have been recorded but a large number of businesses remain unfinished. Africa still remains a hub for people living in extreme poverty, conflicts and fragility, dictatorial regimes, poor governance and corruption which are huge burden for Africa’s transformation. Despite the challenges, Africa has tremendous opportunities. It is one of the fastest growing economies, fast raising middle class income, rapid structural change, and growing population from 1.2 billion to 2.5 billion in 2050.
This year, Africa Day celebrations took place virtually due to the Covid-19 pandemic under the theme; Silencing the Guns by 2020: creating conducive conditions for Africa’s Development and intensifying the fight against the covid-19 pandemic. The theme was aimed to create awareness and to foster for Africa’s development agenda, the Agenda 2063, and its flagship projects including the silencing the gun for peaceful Africa. Somalia is among the member states which celebrated for Africa day along with other countries of the continent. As usual, Somalia has been at forefront of building the African Union, liberating the continent from colonialism and promoting Africa agenda at global arena. The annual commemoration of Africa Day is opportunity to promote the Pan African ideals, African unity, and regional integration.
In the light of Africa day, it is not only all about reflecting how far we have progressed as continent in issues of economic growth, transformational leadership, and sustainable development after 57 years, but also how do we measure performance in terms of institutional development on the continent from time to time.
The role of African youth is crucial in transforming the continent through civic education and political participation, but however African leaders should provide a platform where youth are the driving force in governance, administrative reforms, and economic integration for the move towards a just, more democratic, inclusive, and progressive continent.
In line with the 57th Africa day, the dream of politically United States of Africa is still a live but not matching with the current affairs of the continent. The public populace of Africa still holds their unconscious mind the moves that were made by some African giants in the light of integrated African continent. In 2000, a network of African civil society groups organized a caravan that moved from Cape Town and visited some other African countries; they called their venture as a motive of looking a unified Africa from the bottom. The late colonel muamar Al-qadafi has also traveled around the continent for the sake of united Africa but all his proposals failed on the spot. The issue of fully integrated Africa remains in discussion with less progress, but the future is bright and institutions take long to completely function.
Therefore, Africa Day is profound moment of change where the institution of youth citizenship is a crucial aspect of the continent’s aspiration and her growth, sustainable development in the journey of the Africa we want-characterized by peaceful, and self-conscious institution, solidarity mechanism that can deliver the Africa we want in the years to come. And the African leaders they must think about the process of implementation strategy in areas of governance, Rule of law, democratic institution, transformation of Africa for centuries to come, and democratic aspiration on the continent.
Blog contributed by:
Mohamed Okash, Mohamed Abdi Warsame, & Yusuf Hassan