Somalia Education System: Urgent need for restructuring.

Somalia Education System: Urgent need for restructuring.

The Somali educational vision is gradually growing and flourishing towards development and progress, towards the best on the part (society’s understanding of what education is). Still, the state’s philosophy of education is not sufficient. It is not designed like educational curricula, scientific research centres and training centres. Nevertheless, the sun does not appear quickly, but instead, it appears Gradually. Somalia requires authentic education system in the country instead of education titles. Because technical and vocational education and training are always in the first rank of society, and they are linked by strong links that increase to sufficient information systems on the labour market to ensure students receive the skills required in the job market.

Somali society is currently multi-curricular coming from diverse sources with a sharp difference in the methodology of delivering the education systems. Due to the discrepancy in their political and living conditions back in the countries they studied from, Somalis are not cohesive in their opinions and thoughts. The submission to external educational systems led to an apparent lack of collective mentality among our society and are most of them not connected to their historical traditions and civilisations.

On top of technical and vocational education crises, these curriculums came with they do not incorporate or represent the local culture and history of the Somali society. That is how the local education system is corrupted, and the case with Somali diaspora returnees is even worse. For example, after the civil war erupted in the country in the 1990s, hundreds of thousands fled the country to seek refuge in other peaceful nations around the world. Over the last three decades, they were subjected to study in completely different educational systems in diverse languages, multiple approaches, cultures, environments and training. They are not Somalis systematically. They are ethnically Somali.

This generation is now coming back with the newly acquired mentality from the different backgrounds of their education. It is not a surprise that as a result of this mess, there are educational crises in the country. As a result, the population no longer shares collective cognitive data centres that guide the way they think and live their lives.

Looking at the facts on the ground as discussed above, are we on the right track of progress or to educational suicide? What was the case with education before the state collapse? What are the plans to resurrect a locally owned education system?


Education has moved towards gradual development from 1969-1991 under the military government, especially vocational training. As for the age of military fall, the education system has collapsed. The interim governments from 2000 to the current federal governments have all tried to restructure the education system. However, the impact of all those efforts are limited as the school curriculums are still dominated by foreign curriculums under private institutions.

@ Hassan Abdirizak Abdillahi.

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